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Chemicals and Supplies
The chemicals described here were used to create some of the patterns that were popular during the 19th century: Tiger, Italian, and others. We offer some of these for sale. In addition, we offer a number of trays and kits for marbling as well as basic materials and supplies.
Caustic Potash Potassium Hydroxide - use with caution, can cause severe burn (wear gloves and protective eyewear when using). Used for Fichtenberg's variation of Tiger pattern.
Creolin Strong smelling liquid used, after boiling, as a dispersant. It is a necessary ingredient for the Hartmann's original Tiger pattern, but not necessary if marbling on carrageen (see Tiger Eye).
Lime Water A weak solution of calcium hydroxide. Calcium hydroxide, or hydrated lime is commonly available in garden supply shops. It is the common lime applied to lawns to raise the pH of the soil.
Ox Gall The basic dispersant for marbling.
Potash Common potash, potassium carbonate, is essential for both Hartmann's and Hauptmann's Tiger eye patterns.
Pulverized Alum Used for Hartmann's and Hauptmann's Tiger variations.
Sodium carbonate Moderately caustic chemical used for Hauptmann's Tiger eye. Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) can be used as a substitute.
Sprinkling water Halfer's formula- powerful dispersant but it can be diluted as needed. Used for Italian (hair vein) pattern, in place of ox gall for Antique pattern (gives rounder holes) and other patterns.
Percol 292 This is a retention agent - useful as a substitute for alum- that can enable the production of acid free, archival quality papers. Used in a similar manner to alum, see the research page: Altenatives to alum


Information about new chemicals, techniques and responses to questions will be posted here.